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Nicolas Eber: Hans Mattis Teutsch the sculptor

The 1884 born Hans Mattis Teutsch received his education as sculptor or wood-cutter in his then time to Hungary respectively zur Habsburg empire belonging native town Kronstadt or Brasso in Transsylvania at the local trade school as wood-carver respectively wood-sculptor and thereafter his further several year long artistical education in Budapest and Munich. His artist carrier as painter, illustrator and sculptor began however only substantially later, at his age of 32 years, when Lajos Kassáks newly launched art magazine MA early 1917 began to publish regularly his linocuts and show in its first exhibition in autumn 1917 in Budapest, a collection of his paintings.

Also his wood-sculpture activity began at the same time and consisted until the mid 1920’s primarily of sculptures carved from oakwood, which were until the early 1920’s mainly light stilised human representations, received in the following a tendency to abstraction and around 1924 constructivistic features. All that is going to be documented in the following by means of examples. Similarly also the series of the late 1920’s started – and presumably until 1933 continued – slim, mostly upright standing, occasionally kneeling, however practically always armless represented female nudes. They were made mostly of polished and black laquered timber with same sort of socles and occasionally also of aluminum or brass. The differences between the numerous examples consisted essentialy in their bearings and size. From their remaining left over number one may conclude, that they gained appreciation at the public and it is highly surprising that their armlessness wasn’t merely missed but from the artistical- aesthetic viewpoint rather appreciated.

Special mentioning are deserving the few between 1917 and 1920 created coloured painted, respectively later also gilt, mostly wooden and exceptionally terracotta sculptures, from which barely a dozen is known. Those are exerting, similarly to the not painted examples, but even stronger, a special original force and are acting forceful, impressive and credible. They are in my view, together with the series of black female nude figures created bettween 1928 and 1932 – striking proves for the circumstace that objective and artistical truth and beauty are different categories.

In case of the here below reproduced sculptures I have tried to consider all known examples both of the painted and natural surface ones, in a way to catalogise them.

1. The coloured wood sculptures, 1917 – 1923

                                C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_00031.jpg                      C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0004.jpg

                             1. The stormy gallant, 1917-18, 34 cm            2. Meditation, 1918-19, 33x25x6 cm

            C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0005.jpg        C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0001.jpg       C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0006.jpg

               4. Red Figure, 1919-20                   3. Dancer, 1918-19,                  5. Coloured Figure, 1919-20

                Wood, 21 x 9 x 6 cm                        Wood, 30 x 20 cm                     Terrakotta, 22,5 x 13 x 7 cm

           C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_vali.jpg              C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0063.jpg            C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0070..jpg

              6. Composition, 1919, 37 x 25 x 7            8. Figure, 1922, Plaster      7. Embrace, 1920, 23x14x10

           C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0008.jpg             C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0007.jpg           C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0009.jpg

            10. Wood, 1922 – 23                   9. Composition, 1919 – 20                       11. Wood, 1922 – 23

                 Terrakotta, 22x12x9 cm                       18x8x5 cm, gilt                                     19x7x4 cm, gilt

2. The natural wood sculptures 1916 – 1926

      C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0014.jpg           C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_00101 - Kopie.jpg            C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0033.jpg

              1. Father and son, 1916, 27,5              2. Devotion, 1916             3. Descent from bath, 1918-19,

       C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0034.jpg           C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0027.jpg            C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0037.jpg

4. Woman on chair, 1918 -19, 49 x 38 x 9    5. Composition. 1919, 36     6. Mother, 1919, 30 x 19 x 6

C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0035.jpg       C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0038.jpg            C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0036.jpg

                     7. Sitting figure, 1918 – 19     8. Crouching figure, 1918 – 19       9. Mutter mit Kind, 1918 – 19

                                  24 x 18 x 5 cm                         40 x 22 x 6 cm                              22 x 11 x 6 cm

          C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0039.jpg            C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0011.jpg      C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0043.jpg

             10. Composition, 1920, 22 x 9      11. Motherhood, 1920, 21 x 16 x 5       12. Pair, 1922, 31 x 21 x 6

C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0044.jpg                      C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0042.jpg                        C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0045.jpg

               13.Woman and man,1922                 14. Composition,1922 – 23                15. Composition,1922 – 23

                      40 x 25 x 5                                                23 x 7,8 x 7,5                                             18 x 11 x 5

             C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0017.jpg            C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0029.jpg             C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0046.jpg

        16. Family, 1924, 39 x 23 x 6 cm        17. Figure, 1922-23, 18 cm        18. Scene, 1924, 33 x 21 x 6 cm

                C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0050.jpg               C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0048.jpg                   C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0049.jpg

  20. Figure 1925-26, 47 x 7 x 9      19. Composition. 1924, 21 x 8 x 5      21. Figure, 1925-26, 47 x 7 x 9

3. Plaster- and Terracotta – Skulptures

         C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0026.jpg         C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0016.jpg    C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0002.jpg

                   1. Figure, 1919, 21 cm           2. Embrace, 1920, 28 cm                   3. Figure, 1919, 29 cm

4. Figures from about 1926

                                      C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Szabo.66.jpg C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan.jpg C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0020.jpg

                                1. Man, Pearwood, 25 cm high Detail of 2. 2. Man, 100 cm high

                                           5. Nudes of wood, black lacquered, 1928 – 1932

 C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0054.jpg      C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0052.jpg      C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0053.jpg         C:\Users\miki\Desktop\szabo.63.jpg

            24,7 cm                        40,8 cm                                   35,5 cm                            41,5 cm

       C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Banner.54.jpg  C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0056 - Kopie.jpg          C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0059 - Kopie.jpg       C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0060 - Kopie.jpg          C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Banner.52.jpg

               24,5 cm                  29 cm                   57,5 cm              42 cm                  45 cm

             C:\Users\miki\Desktop\München.39.jpg    C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Jurecsko75&76.jpg          C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan.jpg    C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0051.jpg     C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0021.jpg

                 54,5 cm                 50 cm                57,5 cm              36,5 cm                19 cm

5. Metal skulptures, 1928 – 1932

     C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0022.jpg                        C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0061 - Kopie.jpg                 C:\Users\miki\Desktop\München32&33.jpg                  C:\Users\miki\Desktop\83..jpg

Aluminium, 34,5 cm     Aluminium 34,2 cm     Aluminium, 17 cm       Brass, 21 cm

6. Ornamental objects and Commodities

1. Ornamental plate: Diplomawork at the Trade School of Kronstadt / Brasov

C:\Users\miki\Documents\@Alter_Desktop\Mattis Teutsch Collection\71..jpg

                                                      Rearside carving: «Teutsch J. IV év növ. Brassó 1901

The here above reproduced ornamental wooden plate (with 23 cm diameter) carries on it rear side the following carved in script: « Teutsch J. IV. class pupil, Brasow 1901)

From that follows clearly, that the 17 years old one only adapted his later used double name Mattis Teutsch – which has at least a phonetic similarity to the family name «Mátis» of his father deceased prior of his birth – only after his scooltime in Kronstadt / Brasso. Teutsch was the family name of his stepfather.

                                                   2. Pipestands with an without cover

                                     C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0018 - Kopie.jpg    C:\Users\miki\Desktop\72..jpg

                    Diameter: 10.5 cm Height: 11 cm               Diameter: 12 cm Height: 8,5 cm

                                                                          3. Table lamp

C:\Users\miki\Desktop\Scan_0019.jpg

Height: 40 cm / Leg: 16 x 14 cm

Nicolas Eber / ebnic@sunrise.ch

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